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Greek Verbs: Master Personal Ending Chart

Master personal ending chart: use
    Primary Tenses Secondary Tenses
1 sg   Present act
Future act
Perfect act
Imperfect act
Aorist act
Aorist pas
Pluperfect
2 sg  
3 sg
Act
1 pl  
2 pl  
3 pl  
1 sg   Present mid/pas
Future mid/pas
Perfect pas
Imperfect mid/pas
Aorist mid
2 sg  
3 sg
1 pl
Mid/Pass
2 pl
3 pl  

 

Master personal ending chart. Note that altenative endings (in brackets) are used by μι verbs
    Primary Tenses Secondary Tenses
1 sg   λύ ω - (μι) ἔ λυ ο ν ν
2 sg   λύ εις ς ἔ λυ ε ς ς
3 sg
Act
λύ ει ι (σι(ν)) ἔ λυ εν -
1 pl   λύ ο μεν μεν ἐ λύ ο μεν μεν
2 pl   λύ ε τε τε ἐ λύ ε τε τε
3 pl   λύ ουσι(ν) νσι (ασι(ν)) ἐ λυ ο ν ν (σαν)
1 sg   λύ ο μαι μαι ἐ λυ ό μην μην
2 sg   λύ ῃ σαι ἐ λύ ου σο
3 sg   λύ ε ται ται ἐ λύ ε το το
1 pl
Mid/Pass
λυ ό μεθα μεθα ἐ λυ όμεθα μεθα
2 pl λύ ε σθε σθε ἐ λύ ε σθε σθε
3 pl   λύ ο νται νται ἐ λύ ο ντο ντο

 

Notes on verbal rules

Primary endings: Unagmented tenses, Indicative present, future and perfect
Secondary endings: Augmented tenses, Indicative imperfect, aorist and pluperfect
Alternative endings: μι verbs use alternative endings
Augments: imperfect, aorist and plup[erfect, but not if non-indicative
Reduplication: perfect and present. If with ε then perfect, if ι then μι verb
Tense formatives: often use an ε in the 3rd singular: 1st aorist active/middle (σε), liqued (ε), perfect (κε)
Connecting vowels (ο/ε): present, imperfect, future, second aorist and participles
Contract vowels: contract i the present and imperfect, else lengthen, contractions occur in liquid futures
Primary active 3rd plural: ν will usually drop out

 

Notes on verbal rules

Primary endings: Unagmented tenses, Indicative present, future and perfect
Secondary endings: Augmented tenses, Indicative imperfect, aorist and pluperfect
Alternative endings: μι verbs use alternative endings
Augments: imperfect, aorist and plup[erfect, but not if non-indicative
Reduplication: perfect and present. If with ε then perfect, if ι then μι verb
Tense formatives: often use an ε in the 3rd singular: 1st aorist active/middle (σε), liqued (ε), perfect (κε)
Connecting vowels (ο/ε): present, imperfect, future, second aorist and participles
Contract vowels: contract i the present and imperfect, else lengthen, contractions occur in liquid futures
Primary active 3rd plural: ν will usually drop out

 

 

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