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Greek Master Verb Chart

Master Verb Chart part 1
Tense
Aug
Red
Tense
stem
Tense
form
Conn
vow’l
Pers
ending
1st sing
para
Present act
  pres   ο/ε prim act λύω
Present mid/pas
  pres   ο/ε prim m/p λύομαι
Imperfect act
ε pres   ο/ε sec act ἔλυον
Imperfect mid/pas
ε pres   ο/ε sec m/p ἐλυόμην
Future act
  fut act σ ο/ε prim act λύσω
Liquid fut act
  fut act εσ ο/ε prim act μενῶ
Future mid
  fut act σ ο/ε prim m/p πορεύσομαι
Liquid fut mid
  fut act εσ ο/ε prim m/p μενοῦμαι
1st aorist act
ε aor act σα   sec act ἔλυσα
1staorist mid
ε aor act σα   sec m/p ἐλυσάμην

 

Master Verb Chart part 2
Tense
Aug
Red
Tense
stem
Tense
form
Conn
vow’l
Pers
ending
1st sing
para
Liquid aorist act
ε aor act α   sec act ἔμεινα
2nd aorist act
ε aor act   ο/ε sec act ἔλαβον
2nd aorist mid
ε aor pas   ο/ε sec m/p ἐγενόμην
1st future pas
  aor pas θησ ο/ε prim m/p λυθήσομαι
2nd future pas
  aor pas ησ ο/ε prim m/p ἀποσταλή-σομαι
1st aorist pas
ε aor pas θη   sec act ἐλύθην
2nd aorist pas
ε aor pas η   sec act ἐγράφην
1st perfect act
λε perf act κα   prim act λέλυκα
2nd perfect act
λε perf act α   prim act γέγονα
Perfect mid/pas
λε perf ps     prim m/p λέλυμαι

 

Notes on verbal rules

Primary endings: Unagmented tenses, Indicative present, future and perfect
Secondary endings: Augmented tenses, Indicative imperfect, aorist and pluperfect
Alternative endings: μι verbs use alternative endings
Augments: imperfect, aorist and plup[erfect, but not if non-indicative
Reduplication: perfect and present. If with ε then perfect, if ι then μι verb
Tense formatives: often use an ε in the 3rd singular: 1st aorist active/middle (σε), liqued (ε), perfect (κε)
Connecting vowels (ο/ε): present, imperfect, future, second aorist and participles
Contract vowels: contract i the present and imperfect, else lengthen, contractions occur in liquid futures
Primary active 3rd plural: ν will usually drop out

 

 

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