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Greek Pronouns

Seven types of pronouns
Type
Example

 

 

1st and 2nd Personal Pronouns (these have no gender)
  1st Person 2nd Person
N ἐγώ [cf. ego] I σύ you
G ἐμοῦ, μου my σοῦ, σου your
D ἐμοί, μοι to me σοί, σοι to your
A ἐμέ, με me σέ, σε you
         
N ἡμεῖς we ὑμεῖς you
G ἡμῶν our ὑμῶν your
D ἡμῖν to us ὑμῖν to your
A ἡμᾶς us ὑμᾶς you

 

3rd Personal Pronouns (these have no gender)
  Masc Fem Neut   Masc Fem Neut
N αὐτός αὐτή αὐτό   he she it
G αὐτοῦ αὐτῆς αὐτοῦ   his hers its
D αὐτῷ αὐτῇ αὐτῷ   to him to her to it
A αὐτόν αὐτήν αὐτό   him her it
               
N αὐτοί αὐταί αὐτά   they
G αὐτῶν αὐτῶν αὐτῶν   their
D αὐτοῖς αὐταῖς αὐτοῖς   to them
A αὐτούς αὐτάς αὐτά   them

 

Interrogative Pronoun Who? What? Which! Why?: τίς, τί
  Masc Fem Neut   Masc Fem Neut
N τίς τίς τί   τίνες τίνες τίνα
G τίνος τίνος τίνος   τίνων τίνων τίνων
D τίνι τίνι τίνι   τίσι(ν) τίσι(ν) τίσι(ν)
A τίνα τίνα τί   τίνας τίνας τίνα

 

Indefinite Pronoun: a certain someone, anyone: τις, τι
  Masc Fem Neut   Masc Fem Neut
N τις τις τι   τινες τινες τινα
G τινος τινος τινος   τινων τινων τινων
D τινι τινι τινι   τισι(ν) τισι(ν) τισι(ν)
A τινα τινα τι   τινας τινας τινα

 

Reflexive and Reciprocal Pronouns (myself)
  1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
G ἐμαυτοῦ, -ῆς σεαυτοῦ, -ῆς ἑαυτοῦ, -ῆς, -οῦ
D ἐμαυτῷ, -ῇ σεαυτῷ, -ῇ ἑαυτῷ, -ῇ, -ῷ
A ἐμαυτόν, -ήν σεαυτόν, -ήν ἑαυτόν, -ήν, -ό
       
G   ἑαυτῶν, -ῶν, -ῶν  
D   ἑαυτοῖς, -αῖς, -οῖς  
A   ἑαυτούς, -άς, -ά  

myself, ourself, yourself
Formed from ἐγώ and αὐτός and is the object of the verb.

 

Demonstrative Pronouns (this & these)
  Singular - this   Plural - these
N οὗτος αὕτη τοῦτο   οὗτοι αὗται ταῦτα
G τούτου ταύτης τούτου   τούτων τούτων τούτων
D τούτῳ ταύτῃ τούτῳ   τούτοις ταύταις τούτοις
A τοῦτον ταύτην τοῦτο   τούτους ταύτας ταῦτα

All forms begin with τ except the nominative singular and plural in the masculine and feminine. Note the rough breathing mark in the forms that do not begin with τ

 

Demonstrative Pronouns (that & those)
  Singular - that   Plural - those
N ἐκεῖνος ἐκείνη ἐκεῖνο   ἐκεῖνοι ἐκεῖναι ἐκεῖνα
G ἐκείνου ἐκείνης ἐκείνου   ἐκείνων ἐκείνων ἐκείνων
D ἐκείνῳ ἐκείνῃ ἐκείνῳ   ἐκείνοις ἐκείναις ἐκείνοις
A ἐκεῖνον ἐκείνην ἐκεῖνο   ἐκείνους ἐκείνας ἐκεῖνα

ἐκεῖνος is regular thoughout, except the neuter singular nominative and accusative forms do not have the final ν.

 

Relative: who/which/that: ὅς, ἥ, ὅ
  Singular   Plural
N ὅς   οἵ αἵ
G οὗ ἧς οὗ   ὧν ὧν ὧν
D   οἷς αἷς οἷς
A ὅν ἥν   οὕς ἅς

Use 'who' (which/that) in the nomative, of whom or whose (which) in the genative and dative and whom (which/that) in the accusative.
Relative pronouns do not introduce sentences.

 

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