Interpretation Rules for Understanding Prophecy

As set out by Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum


1. The Golden Rule of Interpretation

When the plain sense of Scripture makes common sense, seek no other sense; therefore, take every word at its primary, ordinary, usual, literal meaning unless the facts of the immediate context, studied in the light of related passages and axiomatic and fundamental truths, indicates clearly otherwise.


2. The Law of Double Reference

The Law of Double Reference is the principle of associating similar or related ideas, which are usually separated from one another by long periods of times, and which are blended into a single picture like the blending of pictures by a stereopticon. (A clear example of this law may be found in Isaiah 11:1-5. Verses one and two refer to the First Coming of the Messiah and verses three through five tell of the second time He comes to earth.)


3. The Law of Recurrence

The Law of Recurrence involves the recording of an event and the repetition of the account which gives added details. This principle may be illustrated by the artist who “blocks out the portrait” of a person at the first sitting and adds details at subsequent sittings.

Example: Ezekiel 38:1 - 39:16

Chapter 38 gives a complete account of the coming invasion of Israel by Russia and the subsequent destruction of the Russian army in Israel . Chapter 39 then repeats the account from the beginning giving additional details.


4. A Text Apart from its Context is a Pretext (February 2012)
Dr. Arnold Fruchtenbaum
Founder and Director, Ariel Ministries
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