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The names of God and their first occurrence in the Bible

First occurrence in the Bible and first use in relation to God

Adonai (Lord, Master, Sir)

Genesis 15:2
But Abram said, "Lord GOD (Yahweh), what will You give me, seeing I go childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?"

Often used as master:

Genesis 18:12
Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my lord (master) being old also?"

El (God)

Genesis 14:18
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was the priest of God Most High.

El Elyon (The Most High God)

Genesis 14:18 (NIV)
Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High

El Olam (The Everlasting God)

Genesis 21:33
Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there called on the name of the Lord, the Everlasting God.

El Shaddai (Lord God Almighty)

Genesis 17:1
When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am Almighty God; walk before Me and be blameless.

Elohim (God)

Genesis 1:1 (NIV)
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Father, Son and Holy Spirit

Father

Matthew 5:16
Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.

Son

Matthew 3:17
And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, "This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased."

Holy Spirit

Matthew 12:32
Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.

Matthew 28:19
Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,

Jehovah Jireh (The Lord Will Provide)

Genesis 22:14
And Abraham called the name of the place, The-Lord-Will-Provide; as it is said to this day, "In the Mount of the Lord it shall be provided."

Jehovah Mekoddishkem (The Lord Who Sanctifies You)

Exodus 31:13
"Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: ‘Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.

Jehovah Nissi (The Lord My Banner)

Exodus 17:15
And Moses built an altar and called its name, The-Lord-Is-My-Banner;

Jehovah Rapha (The Lord That Heals)

Exodus 15:26
26and said, "If you diligently heed the voice of the Lord your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the Lord who heals you."

Jehovah Sabaoth (The Lord of Hosts)

1 Samuel 1:3
This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. Also the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the Lord, were there.

Jehovah Shalom (The Lord Is Peace)

Judges 6:24
So Gideon built an altar there to the Lord, and called it The-Lord-Is-Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

In Greek: (ο κυριος της ειρηνης)

2 Thessalonians 3:16
Now may the Lord of peace Himself give you peace always in every way. The Lord be with you all.

Jehovah Shammah (The Lord Is There)

Ezekiel 48:35
All the way around shall be eighteen thousand cubits; and the name of the city from that day shall be: THE Lord IS THERE."

Jehovah Tsidkenu (The Lord Our Righteousness) (Only used in Jeremiah)

Jeremiah 23:6
In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell safely; Now this is His name by which He will be called: THE Lord OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.

Jehovah-Raah (The Lord My Shepherd)

Psalm 23:1
The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.

Genesis 49:24
But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel)

Qanna (Jealous)

Exodus 20:5
you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God

Yahweh (Lord, Jehovah)

Genesis 2:4
This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens

 

For a fuller understanding of the names of God read Andrew Jukes "The Names of God: Discovering God as He Desires to be Known" (1967, reprinted 95), Kregel Publishers, USA

 

NKJV Bible verses unless otherwise stated.

David L Simon
24 July 2010
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