The Seven Feasts of Jehovah: Passover

The First Feast: Passover
March/April May/June July Aug Sept/Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb
Early rain The long hot Summer Late rain        
Nisan Iyar Sivan Tamuz Ab Elul Tishrei Marches-van Kislev Tevet Shebat Adar
Abib Ziv Sivan Tammuz Av Elul Ethanim Bul Kislev Tebeth Shevat Adar
Passover (14)
Unleavened Bread (15-21)*
Firstfruits (16)
  Feast of Weeks (Pentecost) (6)*       Trumpets (Jewish New Year) (1)
Day of Atonement (10)
Tabernacles (15-21)*
*All men had to attend in Jerusalem (Deut 16:16, Ex 23:14)
Some alternative names/spellings for the months of the Hebrew calendar


Key Bible Passages

Exodus chapters 11 and 12
Leviticus 234-8, Numbers 92-14, Deuteronomy 16:1-8
2 Chronicles 30
1 Cor 5:7


Egypt is a type of world ruled by Satan, and full of idols (Ezek 20::7)

Israel is a type of a chosen people, a people near unto Him: Psm 148:14, but in Egypt there was no difference between God's chosen people and the world (Exodus 11:7). They worshipped idols.

God wanted to show the difference between His chosen and the world (Exodus 11:7)

God was to bestow an unmerited blessing: For you are a holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth. Deuteronomy 14:2 (NKJV)

The Position of Israel before Salvation

In Egypt: The world, where every man is in his natural state - under bondage to sin, helpless: Whoever commits sin is a slave to sin John 8:34.

In Bondage: Slaves in Egypt Exodus 1:13,14

Out of fellowship with God:

but your iniquities have separated you from your God; And your sins have hidden His face from you, So that He will not hear. Isaiah 59:2 (NKJV)

Did not know God:

God is in none of his thoughts" Psm 10:4, when they come and say "what is His name?" Ex 3:13.


My people have been lost sheep Jer 50:6


"Wretched, miserable, poor , blind, naked" Rev 3:17


Joshua 24:14

Ruled by an evil King, who could not be trust - a great monster - (Ezekiel 29:3) and God was against him (Ezekiel 19:10)

The Promises of Jehovah

I am the LORD; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians

Come to Me, all you who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For My yoke is easy and My burden is light." Matthew 11:28-30 (NKJV)

I will rescue you from their bondage, and

But in God who raises the dead, 10 who delivered us from so great a death, and does deliver us; in whom we trust that He will still deliver us, 2 Corinthians 1:9-10 (NKJV)

I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. Exodus 6:6 (NKJV)

God sent forth His Son.. to redeem

Who were under the law (Gal 4:4)

Who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from every lawless deed (Titus 2:4)

I will take you as My people, and I will be your God.

And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
2 Corinthians 6:18 (KJV)

Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. Exodus 6:7 (NKJV)

The Passover (Ex 12:27)

Is the foundation feast of Israel. It was to show the nations the magnificence of God, and that they may know that "I am the LORD" (Ex 10:2, Deut 29:6 etc)

At Gods chosen time, at God's chosen place (Deut 16:6)

Its elements were: (Leviticus 23:4-8, Deut 16:6, Exodus 6:6-7, Exodus 11, 12)

Only the household of Israel could participate - only the circumcised (Ex 12:43).

All males had to attend the feast (Jerusalem when in Canaan)

An unblemished lamb of whom the bones were not to be broken (Ex 12:5, Ex 12:46, John 19::32,36).

Blood from a unblemished lamb poured out, and seen.

Blood had to be applied to the door lintels with hyssop (a bitter herb) (Ex 12:22) where hyssop is connected with purging and cleansing. (Psm 51:7), and indicates the bitterness of slavery to sin.

The lamb had to be roasted, and eaten (Eat the flesh - John 6)

All had to be ready, waiting for the Angel's appearance

God passed over the sinners who trusted in the blood of the lamb.

The past was blotted out from the sight of Jehovah.

Passover marked the beginning of feast of Unleavened Bread, the feast to indicate that sin (leaven) had been done away with.

God provided a means to escape the judgement that was to befall Egypt, the land of idolatry.

This required the blood of a um-blemished lamb to be shed, and placed on the door posts.

The former months are blotted out, and a new month is instigated.

This is in anticipation of Christ whose blood is provided, founding the redemptive path, based upon the shed blood, in pursuance of God's eternal purpose. This must bring an abundance of joy to the believing sinner who can have absolute peace - all grounded on the paschal lamb.


Lamb of God and the Passover (Jesus Christ as the lamb)


Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed (for us). 1 Corinthians 5:7 (NKJV)

:.. Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 1:29 (KJV)

And John the Baptists exclaims:

"Behold the lamb of God (1:36)

6 And I looked, and behold, in the midst of the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders, stood a Lamb as though it had been slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth. Revelation 5:6 (NKJV)

Without blemish - perfect

The lamb was required to be without blemish (Exodus 12:5)

but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot. 1 Peter 1:19 (NKJV)

Christ willing gave his life for us:

32 "He was led as a sheep to the slaughter;
And as a lamb before its shearer is silent,
So He opened not His mouth.
33 In His humiliation His justice was taken away,
And who will declare His generation?
For His life is taken from the earth." Acts 8:32 - 33 (NKJV)

Male of the first year, Christ had the "dew of His youth"

ie energetic, full of strength and energy.

We see written about Christ:

He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. Psalm 102:23,24

The Church to be presented to God without blemish, not old or worn out.

that He might present her to Himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that she should be holy and without blemish. Ephesians 5:27 (NKJV)

His precious blood offered himself without spot, also 1 Peter 1:19, Heb 9:11

He was without blame - literally unblameable. 2 Peter 3:14

One lamb

There is no question that the lamb will be too little for the house - the blood of Jesus is enough for all, the most vile of sinners.

It is not the lamb per se that saves them, it is the blood of the lamb.

He is our shepherd

for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."

Revelation 7:17 (NKJV)

Is the Son of God "dear Son" Col 1:13 or the Son of His love.

The timing

Chosen on the 10th day of the month (Ex 12:3,6)

Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the 10th day, sleeping outside the gates unto the fourteenth day.

He was crucified on the 3rd hour (Mark 15:25)

There was darkness from the 6th to the 9th hour (

Christ died at about the 9th hour (Passover is killed at twilight (Ex 12:6) being twilight.

Christ kept the Passover , with himself as the lamb.

The Passover Priest compared with Jesus Christ Our High Priest

Merciful and faithful High Priest

Therefore, in all things He had to be made like His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. Hebrews 2:17 (NKJV)

He has shed his blood and taken it into the presence of God and sprinkled it there, and God's testimony therefore assures (because He accepted the blood), the believing sinner that all is right before God, settled by the blood itself - not of anything he did, because the blood is estimated so highly by God, that nothing whatsoever can add to it, and hence God can forgive all sine, and accept the sinner as perfectly righteous in Christ (CHM, P, Ex p 188).

Our ground of peace is in the blood alone. Nothing can be added to it.

And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. Colossians 1:20 (KJV)

Able to sympathise with us in our weaknesses.

For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Hebrews 4:15 (NKJV)

Is not an order that fails

  • After the order of Melchizedek - a Kingly Priest, without beginning or ending (Heb 7:3) implying that Christ is a high priest, not of the earthly order of Aaron (Heb 7:11), but a far better one, who is forever.
  • Not of the earthly order, that characterises man in every way - failing at every step.
  • Note that this was no late thought or rethink of the situation taken at the point when the Aaronic order failed (see Ex 32): it was ordained before the foundation of the world - see 1 Peter 1:18-20.
    This means that redemption was planned before the foundation of the world, and completely occupied Him. This is spoken of by the lamb being taken on the 10th day.
  • This Great High Priest: Offered the sacrifice once, for all, for ever (Heb 10:11-13).
  • Note "It is finished" - Christ had finished the work needed for redemption - nothing adds to it. John 19:30.
  • this gives us assurance to enjoy in full the privileges of being a Christian by virtue of: Hebrews 10:21-22 (NKJV)
  • Draw near to God made possible through the blood shed - the veil is torn, and a new and living way opened up.
  • In full assurance of faith (the hope of things unseen is sure and steadfast - it fails not - persuaded total as to the efficaciousness of the blood of Christ).
  • With a true heart (our heart attitude can rest assured as to its position before God - it needs to be tried and true, no guile or hypocrisy)
  • Hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience (our soul needs to be rid of sin, and guilt and evilness Gal 5:19-21)
  • Bodies washed with pure water (our outward appearance needs to match our inward - the old done away with, dead, buried and risen new (baptism) and presented to Christ as His instrument).

Significance of the Passover[1]

The Passover feast is a feast of Jehovah, it is a feast of great joy when God's own people are saved from the judgement that was to befall Egypt. It is God's feast in anticipation of the coming of Christ.

Moreover, the final Passover, when Christ, once for all, makes a perfect sacrifice, so that all who accept Him are passed over, and judgement will not fall on him.

Two points:

1. There is no union with Christ except in the resurrection

2. Christ only suffered for sins on the cross (1 Peter 2:4)

Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. 1 Peter 2:24 (KJV)

Hence we can understand

And He said to them, "Go, tell that fox, 'Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I shall be perfected.' Luke 13:32 (NKJV)

It was not in himself that he was to be perfected. But our union with Christ could not be made while we were still unredeemed - once the blood was shed, once Christ had died and was resurrected, he could be perfected - "bringing many sons unto glory", "bringing forth much fruit", "the Captain of salvation".

For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. Hebrews 2:10 (KJV)

When I see the blood I will pass over you - it is only in the blood redemption comes. Without the shedding of blood there is no remission.

Our position

1. The lamb's blood is sufficient for us.

2. When an individual believes he is born again - the month is reckoned the first - the beginning.

3. His life needs to follow a blameless life, holy unto the Lord - without leaven.

4. Passover speaks of all things become new (Rev 21:5) "behold I make all things new".

5. The Cross is the starting point to the throne.

6. Redemption by the blood of Christ is what gives us the position of hope.

7. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. Exodus 6:7


[1] Those in the southern hemisphere probably do not experience the entire significance of Passover. In Palestine (Israel) winter has ended and spring is at hand (In Australia this is not true as the long hot summer is finished, usually, with the coming autumn and it is often dry and windy, although the north can have long fine warms days). The Jews call the period hag ha-aviv – the season of spring. Its significant is obvious – its rebirth and hope, with the coming harvest and the scent of nectar filling the air.

David L Simon (CCC March 2005)
Seven feasts of Jehovah\The seven feasts of Jehovah - Passover
Posted 2007
Note - hand written notes were used for this sermon - computer handouts a and b combined - delivered over two weeks