When was the last time you read all of the Book of Exodus?
I have just read Exodus and completed a synopsis of it – many of the stories are known from Sunday school, but there is much much more within the text. I encourage all to read the book, because it sets how Jesus Christ has saved us from sin and the world and the guilt of sin. Egypt represents the place we all begin – the world that places a burden of the guilt of sin upon us, yet the LORD has promised every one, to whom believes in the Son of God that he or she will be rescued just like the Israelites:
And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel whom the Egyptians keep in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.
Therefore say to the children of Israel :"I am the Lord;
I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians,
I will rescue you from their bondage, and
I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
I will take you as My people, and
I will be your God. Then you shall know that
I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. (8) And
I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the Lord .'" Chapter 6:5–8
Anno Gaebelein writes, in his commentary on Exodus:
Our Lord Jesus Christ, the infallible Son of God, perfect in knowledge, said to the Sadducees: "And as touching the dead, that they rise, have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake to him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob" (Mark 12:26). Our Lord thus gives positive evidence that Exodus is the book of Moses. See also Luke 20:37. Exodus is quoted twenty-five times by Christ and His apostles, and there are almost as many allusions to it scattered throughout the New Testament books. The rejection of the inspiration of Exodus means the rejection of the inspiration of the entire New Testament, and worse than that, it means the rejection of the testimony of the Son of God.
Israel's Birthday Book
The book of Exodus may well be called "Israel 's birthday book." Israel entered Egypt as a family and left Egypt as a nation, brought forth by the grace and power of God. Jehovah calls Israel "my Son, my Firstborn" (Exodus 4:22).
The national birthday of Israel is recorded in this book. First we find the travail pains in the house of bondage, preceding the birth. The birth itself takes place in the twelfth chapter, when sheltered by blood they went out, to leave Egypt behind. The memorable month in which they were redeemed by blood was now to be "the beginning of months," the beginning of a new year, the starting point of their national existence. Then followed their deliverance and redemption by the power of God at the Red Sea, the giving of the law and the statutes and their divine calling as a nation to be "a kingdom of priests and an holy nation."
Perhaps no other Old Testament book is so rich in typical teachings as Exodus. The power of Satan and God's salvation by blood are most clearly revealed in the first part of the book. The Lord Jesus Christ and His work in redemption are foreshadowed throughout the book. The two great phases of the gospel of God, so fully and blessedly revealed in the Epistle to the Romans, are found in type in Exodus. These two phrases are, redemption from the guilt of sins and redemption from the power of sin. The former is seen in type in Israel’s Passover experience, and the latter is typified by the overthrow and destruction of the Egyptians in the Red Sea. These two great events give us two aspects of the death of Christ.
And how rich and full in typical meaning is the tabernacle with its different appointments and its priesthood. Here we find Christ everywhere. Various experiences of God's people may be traced in the conflicts and victories of Israel , their failure and unbelief. The annotations of the different chapters take notice of all this.
Equally important are the dispensational foreshadowings. Israel's suffering in Egypt is typical of their history of sorrow and tears until their final restoration and fulfilment of God's promises to them as a nation takes place. God's dealing in judgment with Egypt foreshadows future judgments in store for the world. The deliverance out of Egypt is a pattern of their future deliverance, when they will be brought back. To this Jeremiah 16:14 refers: "Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that it shall no more be said, As the Lord liveth that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, but, As the Lord liveth, that brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the countries, whither He had driven them." The life of Moses, as a type of Christ, gives other dispensational hints of great interest. It is a most blessed book. May He guide us by His Spirit and unfold its precious truths to our hearts.
I encourage all students of the Bible all to read this book, especially those who truly want to understand how Christ is our Passover lamb.
Gaebelein A.C. (1970 revised 1985) Gaebelein´s Concise Commentary of the Whole Bible, Loizeaux Bros., USA